Visiting me in London a few weeks later Dominique very kindly gave me a copy of his excellent book, “Moult bons et notables”: L’enluminure tournaisienne à l’époque de Robert Campin (1380–1430) (Leuven, 2007), in which the image below is fig.285.
|New York, Morgan Library, MS G.32, fol.1r|
|Detail of right border|
There can be no doubt that one is copied from the other:
In the Ferrell manuscript, however, the place occupied in the Morgan manuscript by the Budé arms has different heraldry:
I failed to identify these arms when I first catalogued the manuscript, but in May 1996 the first book I ever bought from Amazon (which had started selling online less than a year earlier) was Lilian M.C. Randall, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, vol. II, France, 1420-1540 (2 vols, Baltimore 1992), in which the same arms appear in MS W.304 (op.cit., no.150, pp.244–47, fig. 266):
These tinctures reproduced here in black and white are described by Randall: d'argent à la bande fuselée de gueules et à la bordure de sable chargée de huit besants d'or, and identified as belonging to Jean Bourré (c.1423–1506), eminent statesman, famous bibliophile, associate of Etienne Chevalier, and from 1488, the treasurer to King Charles VIII (on whom see Joseph Vaesen, "Notice biographique sur Jean Bourré ...", Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes, 43 (1882), pp.433–73, available online through Persée, or the brief entry in Wikipedia).
Thus the arms in the border of the Ferrell manuscript are safely identified, but there remains a strange puzzle. In the opening miniature, there is on the rear wall behind the sleeping Lover, a group of three gold fruit, apparently pears, each with a stem and two leaves:
These were apparently mistaken, or re-interpreted, by the 18th-century copyist as a semé of upside-down fleurs-de-lis embroidered on the bed-hangings:
It seems hard to doubt that the gold fruit are heraldic, however, as they appear in several of the subsequent miniatures, almost always on a dark blue background, including twice on shields:
The arms azur à trois poires tigées et feuillées d'or les queues en haut belonged only to the Pérussis de Barles family according to Renesse:
But as can be seen in Renesse, very similar arms were used by a few other families such as the Poirier and Vigouroux, and they may have been used by other branches of the Pérussis / Peruzzi / Peruzzis family. The arms appear c.1480 on the Pérussis Altarpiece at the Metropolitan Museum, New York, for example:
If any readers have any alternate suggestions for the presence of the pears/arms, or a connection between with Pérussis and Bourré families, I would be very glad to hear them.